Head Protection

Wherever head injuries may occur, the safety helmet or bump cap will be in the picture. The use of a safety helmet or a bump cap is not tied to specific occupations or working methods. The only criterion is: the risk factors in the workplace itself. Anyone who comes to the workplace, need to wear the prescribed head protection.

An industrial safety helmet is a personal protective equipment that protects the head against a large number of hazards which occur either by themselves or in multiple combinations.

These risks may include:

• Collision/bumps/grazes

• Penetration

• Splashes of molten metal or chemicals

• Cold/heat

• Combustion

• Contamination

• Electrical continuity

A bump cap only provides limited protection, such as:

• Bumps

• Hygiene (for example, in the food industry)

Standards, tags, and performance data

Head protections are governed by different European standards, depending on the type of head protection. The head must be clearly marked with the necessary marks and optional information.


European standards

• EN 812 Bump caps

• EN 397 Safety helmets

• EN14052 Safety helmets with high level of protection

• EN 50365 Safety helmets for use in low-voltage installation work (1000 VOLTS ac or 1500 V dc)

• EN 12492 Helmets for mountaineers

• EN 443 Firemen's helmets


The mark of the polyethylene helmet shell is important in EN 397. On the inside of the polyethylene helmet shell information is found about the standard and any additional inspections that the helmet complies with.


Prescribed tags

• CE sign: this indicates that the product complies with the EU directives (Conformité Européenne)

• Number behind or under the CE sign: the number of the independent certifying body

• EN 397: standard indication

• Production Date

• Name or designation manufacturer

• Material of which the polyethylene helmet shell is made


Optional information

• 440 V AC: withstands contact with electrical cables up to 440 Vac

• -20 °C or -30 °C to be used at low temperatures

• +150 °C to be used at high temperatures

• MM (Molten Metal): tested for protection against flying melted metal splashes

• LD (Lateral Deformation): tested against load from the side of the safety helmet, for example, when being trapped by the safety helmet

Need More protection? Opt for the EN 14052

If you require head protection over the EN 397-standard, then a good alternative would be the safety helmet with the standard EN 14052. This helmet offers more protection against shocks and against penetration of sharp objects. This difference in the indicated figures is clearly visible. All additional tests (for example against electricity) from the EN 397 also apply to the EN 14052.

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